Floral Motifs on Early Chintz
Hibiscus grandiflorus - Swamp Rosemallow
Hibiscus grandiflorus (Swamp Rosemallow) by Bob Peterson from North Palm Beach, Florida, Planet Earth!, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Hibiscus grandiflorus (Swamp Rosemallow) from William Hooker and Richard Anthony Salisbury, Paradisus Londinensis, plate 22, 1805
Two versions of Hibiscus grandiflorus (Swamp Rosemallow) from the Victoria and Albert Museum, Furnishing Fabric,  1834
Common Names: Swamp Rosemallow, Swamp Rose-mallow, Pink Swamp Hibiscus, Velvet Hardy Mallow, Cotton Rose

Description:  Hibiscus grandiflorus (Swamp Rosemallow) is a member of the Mallow Family (Malvaceae). The Hortus Kewensis, ed. 2, vol. 4, lists twenty-seven species of Hibiscus, but does not list this species which is endemic to the southeastern United States.  The swamp rosemallow, illustrated in this chintz design is drawn from John James Audubon's The Birds of America, the Blue-winged Yellow Warbler, plate 20 where it is called the Cotton Rose.  The birds illustrated on the textiles with the swamp rosemallow are from Audubon's illustration of the American Robin, plate 131

Quilts with this Hibiscus grandiflorus (Swamp Rosemallow) motif: 
  • None known at this time

Chintz with this Hibiscus grandiflorus (Swamp Rosemallow) motif: 
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, Furnishing Fabric, Object Numbers CIRC. 300-1956, and CIRC. 295-1956, 1834 (in two different colorways)
  • Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Printed Textile Engraved by John Potts, Object Number 1959.0084.058, 1829-1839

   ©  Updated 5/30/2021     Author: Terry Terrell