Floral Motifs on Early Chintz
Cistus ladanifer - Gum Cistus
Cistus ladaniferus (Gum Cistus) growing in modern garden. By Juan Sanchez - [1], CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1876104.
Cistus ladanifer (Gum Cistus) on the Yellow Background Pillar Print with Cistus Fabric Fragment, Private Collection, c. 1830
Cistus ladanifer (Gum Cistus) from Curtis's Botanical Magazine, vol. 4: t. 112 (1791).
Common Names: Gum Cistus, Common Gum Cistus, Gum Rockrose, Laudanum, Labdanum, Brown-Eyed Rock Rose 
Description: Cistus ladanifer (Gum cistus) is a member of the Cistus family (Cistaceae). Cistus flowers are easily recognizable due to their crinkled-looking petals. The dark red spots at the base of each petal make this species easily identified. The Hortus Kewensis, ed.2 , vol. 3 recorded that this native of Spain and Portugal was first cultivated in 1629.

Quilts with the Cistus ladanifer (Gum cistus) motif: 
  • None known at this time 

Chintz with this Cistus ladanifer (Gum cistus) motif: 
  • Private Collection, Yellow Background Pillar Print with Cistus Fabric Fragment, c. 1830 

                                     More Cistus ladanifer (Gum cistus) Motifs 
                                                    (No pictures available at this time) 
The following quilts and chintz have a different Cistus ladanifer (Gum cistus) motif from that above but the same as each other: 
  • Private Collection of Charles Orr Dalton, Central Diamond Medallion Made by Ann Adeline Orr Parks in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, North Carolina Quilts, p. 51, c. 1830 
  • The Charleston Museum, Chintz Applique Quilt Made by Hannah Noland Henderson, Shelving Locator 2013.6, 1830 
  • Panel 6 in Appendix I of Merikay Waldvogel, "Printed Panels for Chintz Quilts: Their Origin and Use," Uncoverings 34 (2013): 124. 

This chintz has a different Cistus ladanifer (Gum cistus) motif from those listed above: 
  • The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Textile Panel, Object Number 1969.3168, 1790-1800

 ©  Updated 8/12/2018      Author: Terry Terrell