Floral Motifs on Early Chintz
Anemone coronaria - Double Anemone
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This Anemone nemorosa 'Vestal' is a close relative and similar to the double Anemone coronaria. Photo by ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html).
Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) from the Daughters of the American Revolution Museum, Fish Family Chintz Album Quilt, dated 1844-1844
Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) from F. Mordant De Launay and J.L.A. Loiseleur-Deslongchamps- Herbier general de l-amateur- vol. 6: t. 415,1817-1827
Common Names: Double anemone
 
Description: Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) is a member of the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). William Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, ed. 2, vol. 3 recorded that this plant, native of the Levant, was introduced to cultivation in Britain in 1596.  

Anemones were extremely popular with specialized plant breeders, then called florists, from the time of their introduction to Britain in the sixteenth century.  Ruth Duthie comments in her book Florists' Flowers and Societies "When Furber's Twelve Months of Flowers appeared in 1730, anemonies were still popular; in the illustrations they are second in number to auriculas" (auriculas are the most frequently illustrated flower in that publication).  Duthie also mentions "John Edwards, a muslin designer by trade, illustrated many florists' flowers in the British Herbal of 1770, including the anemone."*  Double anemonies were one of the most frequently illustrated flowers  found on quilts and chintz from the period from about 1775 to about 1850 as may be seen from the number and variety of motifs described on this multi-page set of examples of Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone).
 
Quilts with the above Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone)  motif: 
  • Daughters of the American Revolution Museum, Fish Family Chintz Album Quilt, Object Number 5254, dated 1844-1844
  • International Quilt Study Center and Museum, Marie M. and Emma Fish Album Quilt, Object Number 2005.053.0003, dated 1843
  • American Folk Art Museum, Martha Micou Cut-Out Chintz Quilt, Object Number 1988.2.1, 1835-1840
  • The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum,  Wholecloth Quilt, Quilts in a Material World: Selections from the Winterthur Collection, p. 161, Object Number 1969.9028.001, 1835-1840 (maroon background)
  • The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum,  Wholecloth Quilt, Quilts in a Material World: Selections from the Winterthur Collection, p. 161, Object Number 1969.3830, 1830-1835 (red background)
 
Chintz with the above  Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) motif: 
  • The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Furnishing Fabric with Eagle and Swags, Object Numbers 1966.0995.001, 1966.0995.002, 1969.0432,  1820-1840 (dark brown background)
  • The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Furnishing Fabric with Eagle and Swags, Object Numbers 1969.9028.002, 1969.9028.003, 1969.9028.004, 1969.9028.005, 1969.9028.006, 1969.9028.007, 1969.9028.008, 1969.9028.009, 1969.9028.010, 1969.9028.011, 1969.9028.012, 1969.9028.013, 1969.9028.014, 1969.9028.015, 1969.9028.016, 1969.9028.017, 1969.9028.018 (maroon background)
  • The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Furnishing Fabric with Eagle and Swags, Object Numbers 1955.0650.001,  1955.0650.002a, 1955.0650.002b, 1955.0650.002c, 1969.5374, 1969.5555, 1969.5556, 1969.7897.001, 1969.7897.002, 1969.7897.003, 1969.7897.004, 1969.7897.005, 1969.7897.006, 1969.7898, 1969.9027, 1825-1835 (white or cream background)


 Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) from the Victoria and Albert Museum, Furnishing Fabric Fragment, c. 1850 (black and white photo of colored piece)
Chintz with the above  Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) motif: 
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, Furnishing Fabric Fragment, Object Number T.7-1933, c. 1850
Additional Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) Motifs
Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) from the Victoria and Albert Museum, Furnishing Fabric Fragment, c. 1788-1792
Chintz with the above Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) motif: 
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, Furnishing Fabric Fragment, Object Number E.894:72-1978, c. 1788-1792
* Ruth Duthie, Florists’ Flowers and Societies (Shire Garden History) (Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, UK: Shire Publications Ltd., 1988), 60.
Additional Pages of Anemone coronaria (Double Anemone) :   2   3   4   5   6   7  
© Updated 1/7/2018    Author:  Terry Terrell